Health

Smoking and high blood pressure: this is what happens to our body

Smoking and high blood pressure: this is what happens to our body
Written by aquitodovale

Are smoking and high blood pressure related? Yes, although some claim that smoking lowers blood pressure, this is false information. We know how harmful smoking is not only for the cardiovascular system but for the entire body. Smoking, in fact, causes problems with organs and tissues as it reduces the oxygen present in the blood.

From the point of view of the venous walls, this results in a collapse of the arterial vessels. High pressure, in fact, hinders the normal flow of blood, effectively preventing proper oxygenation of the organs and tissues. So it is not just a circulatory problem but a damaging factor that is reflected in the entire metabolism.

Correlation between smoking and high blood pressure

When a person has become addicted to smoking, he or she has a hard time quitting. The habit of certain gestures exacerbates the problem because we feel an almost physical lack of it which affects our mind. We have the erroneous feeling that the cigarette is able to relax the muscles but in reality we are running inside a vicious circle.

The need to introduce nicotine causes our body to request it from the mind. The mind is altered by manifesting desire in an obsessive way and ends only when we turn on the famous “blonde”. Therefore both the body and the mind can relax because they finally got the “fix” they needed. The consequence is to feel satisfied, relaxed and satisfied but it is an induced sensation and not a real manifestation of well-being.

We must also say, however, that the carbon monoxide released with smoke has a vasodilatory action but it is only momentary and corresponds to the moment in which we are smoking. Immediately afterwards, the vessels shrink again and the natural functioning of the circulatory system is restored. On the other hand, however, the cells act differently.

Following vasodilation, they stiffen thinking about some circulatory problem and therefore induce a rise in pressure. This phase occurs later, taking on a function of contrasting what the organism has just felt as a kind of threat. The alternation of contraction and dilation causes oxidative stress and in the long run can cause a certain vascular stiffness that can present symptoms of stroke, heart attack or ischemia.

This, however, implements countermeasures at the cellular level, stiffening by contrast and therefore producing an increase in blood pressure. Not only. Carbon monoxide also damages the respiratory enzymes of the mitochondria, the cellular energy and respiratory systems in the cell: this leads to the formation of free radicals and therefore to oxidative stress.

Furthermore, in the lungs, carbon monoxide systematically kills the mitochondria leading to a reduction in oxygen that cascades on the health of tissues, skin and frees the formation of free radicals.

Lower high blood pressure

Heart rate and blood pressure return to normal standard values ​​approximately 30 minutes after smoking. By quitting smoking, in about a month, the substances that have so far intoxicated our body will be expelled. After one year the values ​​return to normal and the arterial situation returns to the original values.

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